What are autism spectrum disorders?
Autism spectrum disorders are a group of developmental brain disorders marked by struggles in the areas of socialization and communication, along with obsessive and/or repetitive behaviors. Typically diagnosed by the age of 3 years old, the Centers for Disease Control report that approximately 1 in 110 children in the United States will be diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder.
There are different types of autism spectrum disorders including:
- Rett syndrome
- Disintegrative disorder
What causes autism spectrum disorders?
There is significant debate and disagreement when it comes to the underlying cause(s) of autism spectrum disorders. Although not conclusive, there are some factors that may be involved:
- Brain structure abnormalities
- Problems at birth
- Particular infections
Other signs and symptoms
Your adolescent or teenager may also display some of the other indicators of struggling with autism.
- Difficult sleep pattern
- Disordered eating habits
- Anxiety and overwhelm
- Academic difficulties
Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders
Up until this point, there has been no identified cure for autism. Yet, early detection and appropriate treatment can significantly increase your child’s chances of leading a normal, productive life. Depending on your teen’s specific disorder and struggles, a variety of treatment may be used.
- Physical therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Recreational therapy
- Dietary intervention